Developed from either codeine or thebaine (two naturally occurring opiates), Hydrocone is a semi-synthetic opiod that relieves pain by binding two opiod receptors in both the brain and spinal cord.  Taken with alcohol the effect can intensify drowsiness.  It has been known to interact with monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAIOs), and other drugs that can cause drowsiness.

Hydrocodone is marketed in various forms and trademarks including Anexsia, Biocodone, Damason-P, Dicodid, Duodin, Hycet, Hycodan (or, generically, Hydromet), Hycomine, Hydrococet, Hydrokon, Hydrovo, Kolikodol, Lorcet, Lortab, Mercodinone, Norco, Norgan, Novahistex, Orthoxycol, Panacet, Symtan, Synkonin, Vicodin, Xodol and Zydone. Hycodan was the original trade name.

Hydrocodone is used as an antitussive to treat cough and is often used to treat moderate to severe pain.

Dizziness, nausea, drowsiness, lightheadedness, vomiting and euphoria or common side effects of Hydrocodone.  Some less common side effects are allergic reaction, changes in mood, racing heartbeat, mental fogginess, anxiety, difficulty urinating, spasm of the ureter, irregular or depressed respiration.

Because of the drugs widespread availability it is common among teenagers and young adults.  This rampant use makes it one of the most common recreational prescription drugs in America.  Common street names used are: ‘dones’, ‘hydros’, ‘vics’ and ‘itchies’.

In cases of abuse, withdrawal symptoms may include sever pain, pins and needles sensation throughout the body, extreme anxiety, sweating, watery eyes, sneezing, depression and fever, as well as diarrhea, stomach cramps, and extreme cravings for other drugs.

It’s widespread use has contributed to an increase of the average consumption nationwide of 300% since 1990.  Emergency Department visits attributed to Hydrocodone abuse has also increased dramatically with a 500% increase in the same period.