Is an “owner-operator” subject to the drug and alcohol testing regulations?

Yes. For clarification, the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) neither defines the term “owner-operator” nor uses it in regulation. The FMCSA regulates “employers” and “drivers.” An owner-operator may act as both an employer and a driver at certain times or as a driver for another employer at other times, depending on contractual arrangements and operational structure.

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