Drug testing has grown in conjunction with the demands and regulations stipulated by the employers of the modern day workforce, and it is safe to say that most people have taken a drug test at some point in their adult lives. These tests can identify substances like cannabinoids, amphetamines, opiates, and phencyclidine, otherwise referred to as ‘PCP‘. They can prevent employer liability for hiring someone who may be taking recreational drugs. Drug testing can be performed on-site or off-site, with the majority of tests being performed at a designated off-site laboratory. The work these labs put into their testing processes can determine the eligibility of a job candidate and ultimately play a mediating role between the employer and the employee with illegal drugs in their system.
A number of recreational drugs have been found in drug tests nationwide, and these findings are ‘part and parcel’ the mandated work of drug testing companies, whom employers rely on to weed out and disqualify unsuitable employees. Drug treatment centers also work alongside drug testing companies in order to coordinate possible rehabilitation for any potential addicts, and this ever-elaborating network of businesses and services reliant on drug testing companies necessitates the latest and greatest drug testing equipment.The standard drug testing procedure involves peeing into a cup, while advanced procedures include sampling a prospective employee’s hair, blood, or saliva in order to find traces of drugs that might no longer be measurable in urine tests. Drug abuse in the United States is rampant. Drug testing facilities are well versed in abuse problems related to oxymorphone, hydrocodone, oxycodone, hydromorphone, MDMA, GHB, barbituates and benzodiazepines, while especially thorough drug tests can even uncover evidence of psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline, and LSD.
One of the most common substances that companies request testing for is THC, or marijuana. This is without a doubt the most widely used recreational drug in the public today, and it can affect a person’s learning abilities, coordination, attentiveness, and energy levels. It also has certain hallucinogenic effects that can lead to paranoia and disorientation, both of which can present themselves as on-site job hazards. Although drug testing companies most commonly find THC use in younger applicants, its usage is widespread and all too common.
MDMA, or ecstasy, is another popular ‘drug of choice’ for young adults and teenagers. It finds its way onto the recreational drug market in the form of an amphetamine that actually resembles methamphetamine. Because of this relationship, drug tests that screen for methamphetamine should also be able to detect any ecstasy in the system. Large doses of this popular drug can stimulate the wakefulness and alertness of people, creating a ‘jittery’ and unpredictable imbalance that is just as dangerous to a workplace environment as marijuana use.
But both marijuana and ecstasy are relatively mild recreational drugs compared to other shocking finds like cocaine and heroin. While the effects of drugs like cocaine are similar to the increased levels of energy and alertness present in amphetamine products, cocaine is especially addictive. People who use it are at high risk for a severe drug addiction that could not only cost them their livelihood, but impair their employer with modern addiction liability laws. Heroin, which is similar to morphine in the sense that both drugs are opiates derived from the opium poppy, often reveals itself in drug tests through the presence of morphine indicators in the urine. There is precious little chemical difference between heroin, codeine, and morphine, and as such, the presence of any one chemical is indicative of another.
Drug testing centers should be aware of the timetables they have to work with in identifying recreational drug use. While traces of LSD typically last twenty-four days within the body, alcohol and amphetamine use can become undetectable after several days or even hours. Cannabis usage varies between one to ten days, but it can last up to ninety days depending on the rate and amount of consumption. Additional blood and hair tests are often used in order to verify substances that are nearing their expiration date on these timetables, but each subsequent test costs a deal more than an inexpensive urine test which typically runs around twenty dollars in testing centers. In many cases, the thoroughness of drug testing centers is entirely dependent on the amount of money the employer is willing to spend for the tests.